Helping Examples from the texts
Maimonides' Laws of Charity (hierarchy of giving)
Judaism is one of the major monotheistic world religions. Some Jews, however, think of Judaism not as a religion but as their cultural or national identity regardless of where they were born or currently dwell.
Sources of written inspiration compiled over years from varied cultural settings include--
The Torah includes 613 commandments (mitzvahs) that provide a force for moral unity between man and God and between individuals and their community. Among the commands are the showing of respect for the life, dignity, and rights of all individuals as well as to support good in the Jewish community and in the world.
These sources of inspiration provide the foundation for beliefs such as:
Divisions in Judaism include Orthodox, Conservative, Reconstructionists, Reformers, and/or Renewalists. In the past it has included the Sadducees, Pharisees, Karaites, and Kabbalists.
The Ten Commandments given to Moses on Mount Sinai provide instruction in how to relate to God and how to behave towards one another. The relationship with God requires avoiding idolatry, treating God's name with respect, and keeping the Sabbath day holy. The commands related to the relationship between individuals are to honor your father and mother and to not kill, steal, lie, commit adultery, bear false witness, or covet what is your neighbors (home, wife, or wealth).
Mitzvah of Tzedakah: Traditionally Jews were commanded to withhold a portion of one's income for the advancement of righteousness and justice. Today supporting the good in the world financially is the essence of the Mitzvah of Tzedakah. Beginning with support for one's own synagogue, contributions stretch around the world and in many philanthropic ways.
Mitzvah of Gemilut Chesed: This mitzvah directs Jews to perform acts of kindness for others (especially in the Jewish community). Such acts include visiting the sick (bikur cholim), behaving graciously and hospitably (hachnasat orchim), and comforting the mourner (nichum avelim).
Mitzvah of Tikkun Olam: This area of help giving relates to alleviating hunger, homelessness, disease, ignorance, abuse, and political oppression among all people. It also encompasses preserving the health of the global ecosystem upon which life depends. Ethically and socially responsible action are the expression of this kind of help giving.